1999

Award of the Fackenheim Award

February 01, 1999
Halle

The Jewish community experienced many ups and downs from 1999 to 2020. In 2019 their beliefs were put to the test.

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1994

Inauguration of the Landjuden an der Sieg memorial

October 28, 1994
"Landjuden an der Sieg" memorial in Windeck/Rosbach

The “Landjuden an der Sieg” memorial is inextricably linked with the history of the Seligmann family.

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1991

Jewish quota refugees

January 09, 1991
Cologne

In 1991, the Conference of Ministers-President decided to apply the Quota Refugees Act to Jewish migrants from the former Soviet Union.

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1988

Symbolic laying of the foundation stone

November 10, 1988
Berlin

In the 1980s, the Jewish community increasingly put forward the idea of ​​building a Jewish museum on the site of the New Synagogue.

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Commemorative plaque

November 09, 1988
Norderney

On the occasion of the fiftieth anniversary of the November pogrom, a commemorative plaque was placed in the “House of the Island.”

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1987

Newspaper article about the signing of the fraternization charter between Solingen and Ness Ziona

June 18, 1987
Solingen

In 1987, the Alexander Coppel Comprehensive School assumed sponsorship of the Jewish Cemetery.

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1986

Approaching the historical state The restoration of the architecture

January 01, 1986
Essen

Through extensive reconstruction work, the historical condition can be restored in approximation.

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1985

Still from the film We were so beloved

January 01, 1985
"Landjuden an der Sieg" memorial in Windeck/Rosbach

The documentary "We were so beloved" by Manfred Kirchheimer portrayed emigrants who had fled the Holocaust.

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1980

The Old Synagogue as a place of remembrance and commemoration

January 01, 1980
Essen

In 1980, following a fire in the industrial design exhibition, the Old Synagogue was established as a "place of remembrance and commemoration".

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1979

Opening ceremony of the Montreal Holocaust Memorial Center 1979

September 09, 1979
Canada

On September 9, 1979, survivors established the Montreal Holocaust Memorial Center in memory of the victims and against neo-Nazism and fascism.

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Report on the renaming of the Max Leven Gasse in Solingen

February 28, 1979
Solingen

On the basis of a citizens’ petition, the Solingen-Mitte district council decided to rename Hohe Gasse as Max Leven Gasse.

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1978

Silent protest 1978

November 09, 1978
Solingen

On June 8, 1978, the Solingen City Council resolved to hold a commemorative vigil on the fortieth anniversary of the pogrom night.

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1960

As a House of Industrial Form hardly anything of the interior of the synagogue in the sixties is recognizable

January 01, 1960
Essen

From 1960-1979, the former synagogue is used for an exhibition documenting the renewed economic upswing after the war.

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1959

Unused, the stately synagogue building is increasingly decaying

January 01, 1959
Essen

The once splendid synagogue building can no longer be used by the community after the war and is increasingly decaying.

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1957

Return of the Seligmann family from Argentina

November 01, 1957
"Landjuden an der Sieg" memorial in Windeck/Rosbach

In retrospect, the couple described life in emigration as hard and arduous. Alfred's four siblings were victims of the Shoah.

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1949

The crime of the Kristallnacht expiated

July 22, 1949
Solingen

The first investigations into the perpetrators of the November 1938 pogroms were initiated in Solingen shortly after the war ended.

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1947

Jewish memorial 1965

January 01, 1947
Halle

The Jewish community also had a hard time after the war. Because building a new synagogue was still forbidden.

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1945

Oscar Riess

April 17, 1945
Solingen

American invasion in Solingen took place with practically no resistance, since anti-fascist groups had ensured a peaceful handover.

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1943

Arthur Szyk De Profundis Cain

October 09, 1943
USA

This important work represents Arthur Szyk's involvement in raising awareness in the United States of the Holocaust taking place in Europe.

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March 15, 1943
Greece

On March 15, 1943, the first Jews of Thessaloniki were deported. This center of Sephardic Jewry was wiped out within weeks.

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1942

Portrait of Jenny Giesenow

July 21, 1942
Solingen

On July 21, 1942, six Jews from Solingen, including Jenny Giesenow and her husband, were deported from Solingen to the Theresienstadt ghetto.

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1941

Aerial photograph Pfaffenberger Weg 190

July 13, 1941
Solingen

In the night of July 12 to 13, 1941, there was a pogrom by the participants of a training evening of the NSDAP local group Solingen-Dorp.

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Lager Much

June 16, 1941
"Landjuden an der Sieg" memorial in Windeck/Rosbach

In 1941 the first assembly camps for Jews were created.

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1938

The burial register Leven

November 10, 1938
Solingen

In Solingen, too, there are attacks and arrests, the synagogue is set on fire, Max Leven is shot.

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The burnt out synagogue in Essen

November 09, 1938
Essen

In the night of November 9, the synagogue was set on fire: wooden benches were burned, the lead frames of the beautiful stained-glass windows melted.

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Demolished remains of the synagogue

November 09, 1938
Halle

During the pogrom night of November 9 to 10, 1938, the synagogue and community center in Halle were stormed, looted, and burned down.

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Passport Henry Gruen

November 09, 1938
Cologne

As a young man, Henry Gruen (born as Heinz Grünebaum, 1923–2013), witnessed the brutal devastation and destruction of Jewish life in Cologne.

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Postcard with antisemitic insults Front page

November 09, 1938
Norderney

During the pogrom of November 1938, seven Jewish residents of the island were taken from their homes by SA men and detained for a day.

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Wilhelm Krützfeld

November 09, 1938
Berlin

National Socialist and marauding groups gained access to the building and began setting fires. However, the New Synagogue did not burn out that night.

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The day after the synagogue was set on fire

October 10, 1938
"Landjuden an der Sieg" memorial in Windeck/Rosbach

On November 10, 1938 at seven o'clock in the morning the fire was set in the Ruppichterother synagogue.

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The destroyed synagogue in Hamm

October 09, 1938
"Landjuden an der Sieg" memorial in Windeck/Rosbach

On the night of November 9th to 10th, 1938, the Jewish house of God was set on fire by the National Socialists.

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1933

Butchers shop Hermann Gärtner in Ruppichteroth

October 01, 1933
"Landjuden an der Sieg" memorial in Windeck/Rosbach

On April 1, 1933, the nationwide boycott of Jewish shops took place.

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Norderney free of Jews

September 23, 1933
Norderney

With the campaign “Norderney Judenfrei” the SA also attempted to keep Jewish spa guests and residents away from the island or to expel them.

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Albert Tobias men s clothing store

April 01, 1933
Solingen

Many shops and practices in Solingen were affected by the nationwide “boycott of Jewish businesses” on April 1, 1933.

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Postcartds Norderney once and now

March 24, 1933
Norderney

To get rid of the “stigma” of being a “Jewish bathing resort,” after the Nazi takeover, the local authorities made attempts to keep Jews away.

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The anti Semitic Borkumlied Song

January 30, 1933
Norderney

In contrast to many health resorts and the other East Frisian islands, Jews were well accepted and integrated on the island until 1933.

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1929

Felix Nussbaum Memory of Norderney

January 01, 1929
Norderney

Norderney also had several famous Jewish bathing guests, including the painter Felix Nussbaum (1904–1944).

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Family Lewin

January 01, 1929
Halle

The Jewish community made its own contribution to modernism with the construction of a new mourninghall at the third Jewish cemetery on Boelckestrasse

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1925

Rosbach Synagoge

August 01, 1925
"Landjuden an der Sieg" memorial in Windeck/Rosbach

On August 1, 1925, the Jewish community celebrated its 50th anniversary.

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1922

10 years Ahawah

January 01, 1922
Berlin

From 1916 onwards, it housed a public soup kitchen for Jewish children; in1922, it became the Jewish children’s home Ahawa.

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1915

Obituary Dr Curt Gaertner

February 25, 1915
Solingen

From the Solingen synagogue community, altogether eight men and the nurse Käte Strauss died during the First World War.

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1913

Essen synagogue historical photograph around 1913 city archive

September 25, 1913
Essen

The inauguration was a grand event for the aspiring metropolis. In the 1920s, five thousand Jews were members of the synagogue community in Essen.

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1911

Edmund Körners representative New Synagogue

January 01, 1911
Essen

In 1911 the architect Edmund Körner planned a representative new synagogue building.

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1910

The children s recreation home of the Zions Lodge UOBB

October 01, 1910
Norderney

In 1910, the first children’s home opened at Benekestrasse 44.

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1906

Gustav Coppel

October 16, 1906
Solingen

In 1906, the city council of Solingen decided to make Gustav Coppel an honorary citizen in recognition of his services to the city.

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1900

Simon Gärtner

October 22, 1900
"Landjuden an der Sieg" memorial in Windeck/Rosbach

In December 1900, the Jews in Ruppichteroth founded an association with the aim of building their own synagogue.

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